Political culture in India

Political culture in India

The Political culture in India has now become an important part of the study of political system of country in view of the realization that every political system is embedded in a particular pattern of orientation towards political actions. The political culture of the people refers to the belief, convictions , views and commitment in relation to the political values and institutions. It thus provides the subjective orientation to politics. It refers not to what is happening in the world of politics but what people believe about this happenings. It…

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Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy in India

Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy in India

The parliament is the symbol of democracy.It is a forum where national issues are discussed and settled,public grievances are ventilated ,problems of the various sections of society are articulated and the budget is passed every year.The atmosphere of this supreme deliberative forum should be solemn and dignified.But there has been a general decline in the level of debates and the conduct of members of parliament.The Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy in India is challenging the effectiveness of policy making. The business of parliament is frequently disturbed because of  frequent adjournments and…

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Racial Diversity in India

Racial Diversity in India

Favourable physiography and prevailing climate condition of the country has been the cause of influx of population streams majorly from central Asia along with Australia and Tanzania thus the resultant racial diversity in India. It is the long temporal influx of these people that marks the development of India as the example of multiracial country. The validity of racial categorization have been discarded in context of strong intermixing among the racial communities .It is census report  1991 that thus avails the data for the general spatial categorization and analysis of…

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Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution

Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution

The fundamental rights of Indian constitution are given under part III of the constitution of India. These rights are based on bill of rights of US constitution.These fundamental rights of Indian constitution are considered as fundamental as they are of prime essentiality for any individual to attain his fullest physical spiritual intellectual capacity. That is why Granville Austin called them the corner stone of Indian constitution. The fundamental rights of Indian constitution can be grouped under the following : A.Right to equality(Art 14- 18)      1. Art 14 : Right…

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Urban Transport In India

Urban Transport In India

Cities and towns play a vital role in promoting economic growth and prosperity. Although less than one-third of India’s people live in cities and towns, these areas generate over two-third of the country’s income and account for 90% of government revenues. In the coming years, as India becomes more and more urbanized, urban areas will play a critical role in sustaining high rates of economic growth. But, economic growth momentum can be sustained if and only if cities function efficiently – that their resources are used to maximize the cities’…

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What is Goods and Service Tax?

What is Goods and Service Tax?

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is an indirect tax reform measure which will replace all other indirect taxes such as Central Sales Tax, Octroi, excise duty, Service Tax and Value Added Tax (VAT) at the central and state levels.India will have a ‘dual GST’ system where states and the centre both would have power to levy taxes on goods and services. Exports would be an exception and GST will not be imposed on them. Goods and Service Tax:A form of VAT Under the GST, no distinction is made between…

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National Policy for Children 2013

National Policy for Children 2013

Why a National Policy for Children 2013? Children are the supreme assets for any country. Development and promotion of children is of prime necessity for the future development of the country. Underscoring its importance the govt of India has come up with a new National Policy for Children 2013. India has one of the worlds largest child population .In absolute numbers their population equals population of countries like USA.India is in an advantageous position with its demographic dividend . Reaping the demographic dividend however depends on how the country nurture its young…

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Problem of Deforestation and Conservation Measures

Problem of Deforestation and Conservation Measures

Forests are the main component of the biotic components of the environmental system.The present day economic man has forgotten the significance of the natural vegetation . The major causes of deforestation are     1) Conversion of forest land into agricultural land:The population pressure has resulted in destruction of savanna ,steppe ,velds vegetation and is converted into granaries.    2) Shifting and Jhumming cultivation in the hilly and mountaneous areas .    3) Forest lands are transformed into pastures to expand dairy farming especially in michigan,western USA.The over grazing of…

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E Governance projects in India : Important Initiatives

E Governance projects in India : Important Initiatives

Many state governments have initiated e governance projects to introduce information technology in the governance process for improving service delivery to their citizens. The manual processes are giving way to on-line delivery by using application software’s and service centers in public places. These service centers are manned by public/ private agencies and multiple Services are provided on-line at each location. These transformations from manual to online delivery has not been an easy task and required careful planning, conceptualizing, development and implementation.The e governance projects in india are aiming to provide…

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Border Area Development Programme

Border Area Development Programme

The Border Area Development Programme (BADP)  Objective:a)Balanced development of sensitive border areas in  the western region through adequate provision of infrastructural facilities. b) To meet the special developmental needs of the people living  in remote and inaccessible areas situated near the International border. FOCUS of this Area development Programme :  1)socioeconomic development of the border areas 2) promote a sense of security amongst the people living there. The programme was started during the 7th Plan with the objective of .  The programme has been subsequently extended to States bordering Bangladesh, Myanmar, China,…

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