Election of president of India

Election of president of India

The constitution of India provides for a parliamentary system of government unlike presidential system in countries like USA. Thus president of India is the nominal head and the real head of government is council of ministers headed by prime minster. How president of India is elected? Election of President of India is by an electoral college consisting of : The elected members of both houses of the parliament The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the state The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territory of…

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Fundamental Duties

Fundamental Duties

The fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution are inspired by the Constitution of former Soviet Union. The fundamental duties were incorporated in the Indian constitution as per 42nd amendment act based on Sawaran Singh committee recommendations. The fundamental duties are incorporated in Article 51 A of the constitution. These are mentioned in Part VI A of the constitution. Following are the eleven fundamental duties under Indian constitution. According to Article 51 A,it shall be the duty of every citizen of India: To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals…

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Sessions of Parliament

Sessions of Parliament

Under the conventions established in India the parliament meets in 3 regular sessions every year and it may also meet in special sessions .The regular and specials Sessions of Parliament are summoned by the president on the advice of the Council of ministers Regular Sessions of Parliament are of three type. They are Budget session ,Monsoon session and  Winter session. Budget Sessions :- It’s the first sessions of the year .It is the longest and the most important session of the three Sessions of Parliament .It always begins with an…

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Later Mughals: Indian History

Later Mughals: Indian History

After Aurangzeb death in 1707 ,in the later mughals history,there was war of succession among three sons in which prince Muazzam won the war of succession and assumed the title of Bahadur Shah I. Bahadur Shah I ( 1707- 1712): Shahu , son of sambhaji was released from mughal captivity Reconciled with Rajput rulers Aaisingh of Amber and Ajit Singh of Marwar Reconciled with Sikhs  by giving Guru Gobind singh a mansab Jahandar Shah(1712-13): Became emperor with the help of Zulfikar Khan,senior most noble of Aurangzeb. Jahandar shahs favourite lady…

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Prime Ministers and deputy Prime Ministers of India

Prime Ministers and deputy Prime Ministers of India

Prime Ministers and deputy Prime Ministers of India Prime Ministers of India Jawaharlal Nehru                   1947-1964(Died) Gulzari Lal Nanda                   1964-1964(Acting) Lal Bahadur Shastri                 1964-1966(Died) Gulzari Lal Nanda                    1966-1966 (Acting) Indira Ghandhi                         1966-1977 Morarji Desai                    …

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Presidents of India

Presidents of India

Presidents of India 1.Dr Rajendra Prasad                                         1950-1962 2.Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan                       1962-1967 3.Dr Zakir Husain                                               1967-1969(Died) 4.Varahagiri Venkatagiri                                   1969-1969(Acting) 5.Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah…

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Racial Diversity in India

Racial Diversity in India

Favourable physiography and prevailing climate condition of the country has been the cause of influx of population streams majorly from central Asia along with Australia and Tanzania thus the resultant racial diversity in India. It is the long temporal influx of these people that marks the development of India as the example of multiracial country. The validity of racial categorization have been discarded in context of strong intermixing among the racial communities .It is census report  1991 that thus avails the data for the general spatial categorization and analysis of…

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Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution

Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution

The fundamental rights of Indian constitution are given under part III of the constitution of India. These rights are based on bill of rights of US constitution.These fundamental rights of Indian constitution are considered as fundamental as they are of prime essentiality for any individual to attain his fullest physical spiritual intellectual capacity. That is why Granville Austin called them the corner stone of Indian constitution. The fundamental rights of Indian constitution can be grouped under the following : A.Right to equality(Art 14- 18)      1. Art 14 : Right…

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Indian Soil Types

Indian Soil Types

Indian Soil The diversity of prevailing climatic conditions, geological structure and the vegetative stand interprets the diversities of Indian soil types. Indian council of agricultural research has classified Indian soil types as:- Alluvial soil Black soil Red soil Desert soil Laterite soil Mountain soil Peat and Bog soil Saline and Alkaline soil These Indian soil types are discussed below Alluvial soil– Alluvial soil is one of the most important of the Indian soil types. The Alluvial soil pertaining to the featureless lowlands of the country is typical to Northern plains…

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Features of Indian Constitution

Features of Indian Constitution

Some of the salient features of Indian constitution are  States for Administrative Convenience: Under Indian constitution states are created for administrative convenience. The states are not provided with a constitution of their own. The states administrative structure is governed by the constitution of India. The state cannot confer special rights on citizens who are ordinarily resident of the state. This feature of Indian constitution differs from American constitution where the union is the result of agreement among states.  National Emergency: Under Article 352 when a national emergency is in force…

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