Modes of acquiring indian citizenship

Modes of acquiring indian citizenship

What are the modes of acquiring Indian citizenship?  The constitution doesn’t specify who all are to be citizens of India after  independence. It delegates that decision making power to parliament .Accordingly parliament has enacted the citizenship act of 1955.The citizenship act of 1955 prescribes the modes by which a person will become citizen of India. The following are the modes of acquiring Indian citizenship By Birth: If a person is born in India and at the time of his/her birth either of his parents was Indian citizen, then he becomes an…

Read More

Election of president of India

Election of president of India

The constitution of India provides for a parliamentary system of government unlike presidential system in countries like USA. Thus president of India is the nominal head and the real head of government is council of ministers headed by prime minster. How president of India is elected? Election of President of India is by an electoral college consisting of : The elected members of both houses of the parliament The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the state The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territory of…

Read More

Fundamental Duties

Fundamental Duties

The fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution are inspired by the Constitution of former Soviet Union. The fundamental duties were incorporated in the Indian constitution as per 42nd amendment act based on Sawaran Singh committee recommendations. The fundamental duties are incorporated in Article 51 A of the constitution. These are mentioned in Part VI A of the constitution. Following are the eleven fundamental duties under Indian constitution. According to Article 51 A,it shall be the duty of every citizen of India: To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals…

Read More

Sessions of Parliament

Sessions of Parliament

Under the conventions established in India the parliament meets in 3 regular sessions every year and it may also meet in special sessions .The regular and specials Sessions of Parliament are summoned by the president on the advice of the Council of ministers Regular Sessions of Parliament are of three type. They are Budget session ,Monsoon session and  Winter session. Budget Sessions :- It’s the first sessions of the year .It is the longest and the most important session of the three Sessions of Parliament .It always begins with an…

Read More

Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution

Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution

The fundamental rights of Indian constitution are given under part III of the constitution of India. These rights are based on bill of rights of US constitution.These fundamental rights of Indian constitution are considered as fundamental as they are of prime essentiality for any individual to attain his fullest physical spiritual intellectual capacity. That is why Granville Austin called them the corner stone of Indian constitution. The fundamental rights of Indian constitution can be grouped under the following : A.Right to equality(Art 14- 18)      1. Art 14 : Right…

Read More

Features of Indian Constitution

Features of Indian Constitution

Some of the salient features of Indian constitution are  States for Administrative Convenience: Under Indian constitution states are created for administrative convenience. The states are not provided with a constitution of their own. The states administrative structure is governed by the constitution of India. The state cannot confer special rights on citizens who are ordinarily resident of the state. This feature of Indian constitution differs from American constitution where the union is the result of agreement among states.  National Emergency: Under Article 352 when a national emergency is in force…

Read More

Qualification for Election of President of India

Qualification for Election of President of India

What are the Qualification for Election of President of India ? Qualifications Required A person to be elected as a president of India should satisfy the following qualities He should be a citizen of India He should not a less than 35 years of age He should be qualified to be elected as a member of loksabha He should not hold any office of profit under the union or state. However the positions like president, vice president, ministers etc are not considered as office of profit for Election of President…

Read More

Centre state legislative relations

Centre state legislative relations

Article 1 of the Indian constitution declares India as a union of states. The union however is not the result of an agreement among states to constitute into a union. Therefore the states do not enjoy right to territorial inviolability. The dynamics of the centre state legislative relations can be understood as below.    1. Constitutional Provisions The schedule 7 of the constitution provides for division of powers between centre and states in the form of union list, state list, and concurrent list. The major provisions of the constitution that determine…

Read More

Supreme Court of India and its Jurisdiction

Supreme Court of India and its Jurisdiction

jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India The Supreme Court of India enjoys three types of jurisdiction 1.Original Jurisdiction :This means that certain types of cases can originate with the supreme court a)Dispute between centre and states b) Dispute between two or more states c) Dispute regarding the enforcement of fundamental rights 2. Appellate Jurisdiction:The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal and its writs and decrees run throughout the country.All cases that come to the Supreme Court in the form of appeals against judgement of lower courts fall…

Read More

Pressure Groups in India

Pressure Groups in India

Public opinion through Pressure Groups Pressure Groups are a predominant feature of any democratic society. Group action is considered as more effective method for the ordinary citizen to influence the public opinion.Interest group or pressure groups are important channel of enhancing the effect of public opinion and is an important means of communication for the individual citizen. Pressure groups are organisation with a formal structure whose members share a common interest and they strive to influence the government decisions without attempting to occupy political office.However all pressure groups are not exclusively…

Read More