Environmental Degradation and Conservation

Environmental Degradation and Conservation

Environmental degradation simply means overall lowering of environmental qualities because of adverse changes brought in by mostly human activities in the basic structure of the components of the environment to such an extent that these adverse changes adversely affect all biological communities in general and human society in particular.Environmental Degradation and Conservation is discussed in detail below. The process of environmental degradation are both natural and anthropogenic. The natural events include terrestrial natural hazards (Vulcanism ,Earthquake etc) ,Atmospheric natural hazards(cyclone,lightning)and cumulative atmospheric hazards (floods,droughts).But anthropogenic processes are largely responsible for…

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Land Tenure systems Under British rule

Land Tenure systems Under British rule

The three major Land Tenure systems Under British rule are discussed below Zamindari System: This system of was introduced by Lord Cornwallis in 1793 in Bengal ,Bihar Made zamindars into landlords and proprietors of land Zamindars will have to pay fixed rental to the government Status of cultivators were changed to mere rent paying tenants Though fixed rent was to be paid to government, zamindars exploited the tenants by arbitrarily increasing the rent Led to increasing hold of zamindar as political allies and suppression of peasants 2.Ryotwari System: Introduced by…

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Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy in India

Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy in India

The parliament is the symbol of democracy.It is a forum where national issues are discussed and settled,public grievances are ventilated ,problems of the various sections of society are articulated and the budget is passed every year.The atmosphere of this supreme deliberative forum should be solemn and dignified.But there has been a general decline in the level of debates and the conduct of members of parliament.The Challenges to Parliamentary Democracy in India is challenging the effectiveness of policy making. The business of parliament is frequently disturbed because of  frequent adjournments and…

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Ecology and administration

Ecology and administration

The word ecology is derived from biology which suggests the interdependence between animal species and its natural environment.In public administration thinkers like J.M Gauss ,Robert Dahl,Riggs highlighted environmental effects on administrative structure and behaviour. What are the different perspectives of Ecology and administration? The basic premise is that public bureaucracy may be regarded as one of the several basic institutions in a society.They are continually interacting with each other.Hence knowledge of ecological dimensions can aid in scientific development of public administration.The practical importance of such a perspective lies in the insights…

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Discretionary powers of President of India

Discretionary powers of President of India

What are the discretionary powers of president of India? Which articles of the constitution are related to the discretionary powers of the president? Under Art 74,president can sent the advice of the council of ministers for reconsideration.This Discretionary powers of President of India was added by the 44th amendment act. Under Art 78,the prime minister shall inform the president about the affairs of the administration of the country and the intended legislation to be passed.Thus Prime minister has a duty to inform the president. Therefore the president enjoys the right…

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Time Table IAS Mains 2017

Time Table IAS Mains 2017

IAS Main examination 2017 will be held from 28.10.2017 to 03.11.2017. The duration of the exam is 3 hrs for each paper.Around 13000 aspirants who have cleared the preliminary exam will be writing the main exam.Time Table IAS Mains 2017 is available  below   TIME TABLE FOR CIVIL SERVICES (MAIN) EXAMINATION, 2017    Date/Day                      Forenoon Session 9.00 A.M. to 12.00 Noon                      Afternoon Session 2.00 P.M. to 5.00 P.M.    …

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Schedules of India Constitution

Schedules of India Constitution

Which schedules of India constitution deals with division of powers between union and states ? The constitution of India was adopted on 26th November 1949.It came into force on 26th January 1950.Constitution of India is one of the lengthiest constitution in the world.It consists of around 450 articles and 12 schedules.What does the different schedules of Indian constitution deals with? Schedules of India Constitution 1st Schedule : describes name of the states and their territorial Jurisdiction,Name of the union territories and their extent 2nd schedule :Provisions relating to emoluments ,allowances…

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IAS Preliminary Exam 2017

IAS Preliminary Exam 2017

IAS Preliminary Exam 2017 will be held on 18th June 2017. The main exam is likely to be held on October 2017. IAS aspirants can apply online for IAS Preliminary Exam 2017 at https://upsconline.nic.in/ Last Date for filling the UPSC IAS Preliminary Exam 2017 application online is 17th March, 2017 till 6:00 PM. Admit card to exam hall can be downloaded three weeks prior to commencement of Exam . Candidates may choose the exam centre carefully while filling up the application form. Candidates are required to select the compulsory language paper which…

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Eastern and Western Ghats

Eastern and Western Ghats

The Eastern and Western Ghats are the physiographic construct that demarcates interior extension of the plateau from the coastal plains.They are part of plateaus of India which is the oldest physiographic construct in the country. Western Ghats or Sahyadris : have an average elevation of 1300 m. They are developed due to tectonic subsidence of west coast plain(Excellent example of Mountain Escarpment). Spatially western Ghats extends between Tapti river and Nilgiris. This narrow ghat identifies broader profile in Maharashtra as Harishchandra and Balghat Range and in Karnataka as the extensive…

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