What are the modes of acquiring Indian citizenship?
The constitution doesn’t specify who all are to be citizens of India after independence. It delegates that decision making power to parliament .Accordingly parliament has enacted the citizenship act of 1955.The citizenship act of 1955 prescribes the modes by which a person will become citizen of India.
The following are the modes of acquiring Indian citizenship
- By Birth: If a person is born in India and at the time of his/her birth either of his parents was Indian citizen, then he becomes an Indian citizen by birth.
- By Descent: If a person is born outside and at the time of his/her birth either of his parents was Indian citizen, then he becomes an Indian citizen by descent
- By incorporation of territory: when govt acquires a new territory, it specifies who among the people of the territory shall be eligible to be citizens of India
- By Registration: The following categories of people are eligible for registration as Indian citizen (a) Person of Indian origin (b) Person who are married to Indian citizens (c) Minor children of Indian citizens (d) Persons who are citizens of commonwealth countries.
- By Naturalisation: A person can apply for Indian citizen if he has been in India for last 10 years before applying for Indian citizenship, if he renounces the citizenship of other country.
The first three categories are called natural born citizens. The last two are called naturalized citizens. The constitution doesn’t distinguish between natural born and naturalized citizens.