India is home to the largest child population in the world. The Constitution of India guarantees Fundamental Rights to all children in the country and empowers the State to make special provisions for children. The Directive Principles of State Policy specifically guide the State in securing the tender age of children from abuse and ensuring that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner in conditions of freedom and dignity. The State is responsible for ensuring that childhood is protected from exploitation and moral and material abandonment.
Children are the prime assets of any country.The future of the country depends on the progress on children.For a country like India which boast of demographic dividend,the success of reaping benefits of demographic dividend depends on human development of children.
Children should be developed in terms of longevity,literacy .The problems of underweight and undernourishment are to be overcomed.The issues of child labour and trafficking of children has to be addressed.The gross primary enrollment ratio has to be increased.every child is to be provided educational opportunities.In fact Art 21 A of the constitution states that every children should be given compulsory education from 6 to 14 years.
Government has taken several steps to address problems faced by children.National policy for children is a step in that direction.